Cardiomyocyte specific deletion of crif1 causes mitochondrial cardiomyopathy in mice
Shin J, Lee SH, Kwon MC, Yang DK, Seo HR, Kim J, Kim YY, Im SK, Abel ED, Kim KT, Park WJ, Kong YY
plos one 1(Vol.8), e53577 (2013)
Date 2013 / 0 Type International Journals
Abstract
Mitochondria are key organelles dedicated to energy production. Crif1, which interacts with the large subunit of the mitochondrial ribosome, is indispensable for the mitochondrial translation and membrane insertion of respiratory subunits. To explore the physiological function of Crif1 in the heart, Crif1(f/f) mice were crossed with Myh6-cre/Esr1 transgenic mice, which harbor cardiomyocyte-specific Cre activity in a tamoxifen-dependent manner. The tamoxifen injections were given at six weeks postnatal, and the mutant mice survived only five months due to hypertrophic heart failure. In the mutant cardiac muscles, mitochondrial mass dramatically increased, while the inner structure was altered with lack of cristae. Mutant cardiac muscles showed decreased rates of oxygen consumption and ATP production, suggesting that Crif1 plays a critical role in the maintenance of both mitochondrial structure and respiration in cardiac muscles.
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